JAMB 2024/2025 Syllabus for Agricultural Science is Out | Download PDF

This is the official Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) Agriculture syllabus for the 2024 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).

Examination TypeUTME / Direct Entry
Examination Year2024/2025
File FormatPDF
File Size262KB

The JAMB Agric syllabus is available for fast download on this page. It is an essential document for 2024 jambites. The syllabus contain topics and content areas candidates should focus on to excel in the examination.


The JAMB Syllabus for Agriculture is typically arranged into different sections, each corresponding to specific areas within the field of agriculture.

However candidates are encouraged to utilize a variety of study resources, including textbooks, reference materials, and online resources aligned with the JAMB Syllabus for Agriculture.

Recommended: Check JAMB 2024 Syllabus For All Subjects


JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Agricultural Science

The syllabus is divided into five sections as given below:

  1. General Agriculture
  2. Agronomy
  3. Animal Production
  4. Agricultural Economics and Extension
  5. Agricultural Technology
SECTION AGeneral Agriculture
1. Meaning and Scope of Agriculture

a. Definition of Agriculture

b. Branches of Agriculture

c. Types of Agriculture i.e. subsistence and commercial
Candidates should be able to:

use the definition of Agriculture in modern terms as it relates to production, processing and marketing.

differentiate between the various branches of Agriculture.

differentiate between the various types of
Agriculture, their advantages and disadvantages and their respective problems.
2. Importance of Agriculture

i. Provision of raw materials for agro- allied industries

ii. Provision of employment

iii. Development of rural areas, etc.

Candidates should be able to:

relate agricultural benefits to individual farmers.

relate agro-allied industries to their respective raw materials.

relate the various contributions of Agriculture to economic development in West Africa.
3. Agricultural Ecology

a. Ecological zones of West Africa

b. Agricultural products of each ecological zone

c. Environmental factors and their effects on crop and livestock production

Candidates should be able to:

differentiate between the features of the ecological zones in West Africa.

classify agricultural products according to each ecological zone.

differentiate abiotic from biotic factors affecting agricultural production.
4. AgriculturalGenetics

a. First and second laws of Mendel

b. Cell division

c. Terminologies e.g. locus, alleles, genotype, dominance

d. Methods of crop improvement e.g. introduction, selection, crossing, quarantine etc.

e. Methods of animal improvement e.g. introduction, breeding, quarantine and selection: Breeding systems – inbreeding, line-breeding, cross- breeding, artificial insemination

Candidates should be able to:

apply the first and second laws of Mendel to genetics.

differentiate between the types of cell division.

i. determine the outcome of genetic crossing involving homozygous and heterozygous traits.

ii. compute simple probability ratios.

i. give reasons for crop improvement.

ii. distinguish between various methods of crop improvement, and their respective advantages and disadvantages.

i. give reasons for animal improvement.

ii. differentiate between the various methods of animal improvement, and their respective advantages and disadvantages.
5. Farm Inputs

e.g. planting materials, agrochemicals, etc.
Candidates should be able to:

classify different types of farm inputs and their uses.
6. History of Agricultural Development in West Africa

a. Agricultural systems e.g. shifting cultivation, bush fallowing, etc.

b. Problems of Agricultural development e.g. land tenure systems, inadequate infrastructures, inadequate finance for agriculture, environmental degradation, etc.

c. Establishment of national research institutes e.g. NCRI, IAR, IAR&T, CRIN, NIFOR, FRIN, RRI, NRCRI, NIHORT, LCRI, etc. and international research institutes e.g. IITA, ILRI, ICRISAT, WARDA, etc., leading to increased application of science to the development of agriculture.

d. Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) e.g. RTEP, FADAMA etc.

e. National Agricultural Programmes such as OFN, NAFPP, NALDA, Green Revolution, NCRPs, NARP, Project Coordinating Unit (PCU) etc.
Candidates should be able to:

compare various agricultural systems.

identify the problems, their effects and proffer solutions

i.  trace the history of research institutes from past to present.

ii. assess their role in the development of agriculture.

give reasons for the establishment of ADPs.

evaluate the contributions of national agricultural programmes.
7. Roles of Government and NGOs in Agricultural Development

a. Development of fiscal policies favourable to agricultural production e.g. import duties, ban on importation, e.t.c.

b. Agricultural laws and reforms e.g. Land Use Act.

c. Government programmes aimed at agricultural development e.g. subsidies, credit facilities, e.t.c.

d. Provision of infrastructures e.g. transport systems, communication systems, e.t.c. Contribution of NGOs to agricultural development
Candidates should be able to:

evaluate the effects of government policies on agricultural development.

identify agricultural laws and their effect on agricultural production.

i. identify the various agricultural incentives provided by the government.

ii. assess their effects on agricultural development.

compare the various infrastructural facilities provided by government and their uses.

examine the roles of NGOs in the development of agriculture.
 SECTION BAgronomy
1. Rocks and Soil formation

a. Rock formation

b. Factors affecting rock weathering and soil formation

c.Physical properties of soil

i. Soil profile

ii. Soil components, texture and structure

d. Chemical properties of soil
i. Soil acidity and alkalinity
ii. Chemical components of soil e.g. silicate
Candidates should be able to:

Identify the major types of rocks and their formation.

identify major types and properties of soils; factors and processes of soil formation.

differentiate between the horizons in a soil profile.

i. differentiate between the components of soil.

ii. compute the proportion of soil components.

iii.analyse soil into its component parts. determine the water-holding capacity of soil.

iv. determine the soil pH.
2. Soil Water and Soil Conservation

a. Soil water: its importance, sources, movement, management and conservation.

b. Soil conservation: meaning and importance, causes, effects, prevention and control of leaching, erosion, continuous cropping, burning and oxidation of organic matter.

c.Irrigation and drainage methods.
Candidates should be able to:

i. compare capillary, gravitational and hygroscopic water.

ii. determine water-holding capacity, wilting points and plant available/unavailable water.

iii. Identify the methods of soil water management and conservation.

i. identify the causes of erosion and leaching.

ii. determine control methods.

i. classify irrigation and drainage systems.

ii. examine the importance and challenges of irrigation and drainage.
3. Soil Fertility

a. Macro and micro-nutrients and their roles in plant nutrition: carbon, water and nitrogen cycles.

b. The living population of the soil (flora and fauna), and their roles in soil fertility.

c. Maintenance of soil fertility: Methods of maintaining soil fertility e.g. use of cover crops, application of organic manures, etc.

d. Nutrient deficiency symptoms e.g. chlorosis, sickle leaves, stunting, apical necrosis etc.
Candidates should be able to:

i. classify plant nutrients.

ii. identify factors affecting their availability.

examine the roles of soil flora and fauna in maintaining soil fertility.

i. compare the different methods of maintaining soil fertility.

ii. differentiate between organic and inorganic fertilizer, and their methods of application.

iii. determine common fertilizer ratios.

i. identify the deficiency symptoms and their causes.

ii. suggest remedies.

Download JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Agricultural Science

Click the button below to download the full 2024 agricultural science syllabus on your smartphone or laptop.


Yes, JAMB has released the 2024 syllabus which can be download on this page or on the JAMB portal.

This depends on your course of study. Mathematics is compulsory for most science subjects like Engineering.

4 subjects. English language is compulsory for all candidates.

No, the JAMB syllabus is not always the same every year. The syllabus is subject to modification at any year.

Yes, JAMB follows its syllabus. However, you can read broad and prepare thoroughly for the forthcoming exams.

Consistent revision and practice are key to mastering the JAMB Syllabus for Agriculture. Regular self assessment through texts, past questions, and mock exams helps candidates gauge their progress and identify areas that need further attention.

Best of luck to all aspiring agricultural scientists!

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