JAMB 2024/2025 Syllabus for Physics is Out | Download PDF

Download the latest JAMB syllabus for Physics on this page. For students preparing for the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) UTME, understanding the JAMB Syllabus for Physics is important.

Syllabus Overview

Examination TypeUTME / Direct Entry
Examination Year2024/2025
File FormatPDF
File Size283KB

Physics, often referred to as the fundamental science, is a subject that talks about the mysteries of the universe, exploring the nature of matter, energy, space, and time.

The physics syllabus acts as a study guide which outlines the key concepts, theories, and skills that candidates are expected to master in order to excel in the 2024 UTME

Recommended: Check JAMB 2024 Syllabus For All Subjects


However, Physics is not just about theoretical knowledge; it involves practical applications. Candidates are advised to engage in laboratory experiments, apply theoretical concepts to real world scenarios, and understand the practical implications of physical principles.

General Objectives

  1. Sustain their interest in physics;
  2. Develop attitude relevant to physics that encourage accuracy, precision and
  3. Interpret physical phenomena, laws, definitions, concepts and other theories;
  4. Demonstrate the ability to solve correctly physics problems using relevant theories
    and concepts.

JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Physics


(a) Length, area and volume: Metre rule,
Venier calipers, Micrometer Screw-guage, measuring cylinder.

(b) Mass
(i) unit of mass;
(ii) use of simple beam balance;
(iii) concept of beam balance.

(c) Time
(i) unit of time;
(ii) time-measuring devices.

(d) Fundamental physical quantities

(e) Derived physical quantities and their
(i) Combinations of fundamental quantities
and determination of their units;
ix. deduce the units of derived
physical quantities;

(f) Dimensions
(i) definition of dimensions
(ii) simple examples

(g) Limitations of experimental
(i) accuracy of measuring
(ii) simple estimation of errors;
(iii) significant figures;
(iv) standard form.

(h) Measurement, position, distance and
(i) concept of displacement;
(ii) distinction between distance and
(iii) concept of position and coordinates;
(iv) frame of reference.
Candidates should be able to:

i. identify the units of length, area and volume;

ii. use different measuring instruments;

iii. determine the lengths, surface
areas and volume of regular and irregular bodies;

iv. identify the unit of mass;

v. use simple beam balance, e.g Buchart’s balance and chemical balance;

vi. identify the unit of time;

vii. use different time-measuring devices;

viii. relate the fundamental physical quantities to their units;

ix. deduce the units of derived physical quantities;

x. determine the dimensions of physical quantities;

xi. use the dimensions to determine the units of physical quantities;

xii. test the homogeneity of an equation;

xiii. determine the accuracy of measuring instruments;

xiv. estimate simple errors;

xv. express measurements in standard

Candidates should be able to:

i. use strings, meter ruler and engineering calipers, vernier calipers and micrometer, screw guage;

ii. note the degree of accuracy;

iii. identify distance travel in a specified direction;

iv. use compass and protractor to locate points/directions;

v. use Cartesianssystems to locate positions in x-y plane;

vi. plot graph and draw inference from the graph.
2. Scalars and Vectors

(i) definition of scalar and vector quantities;

(ii) examples of scalar and vector

(iii) relative velocity;

(iv) resolution of vectors into two
perpendicular directions including graphical methods of solution.
Candidates should be able to:

i. distinguish between scalar and vector quantities;

ii. give examples of scalar and vector quantities;

iii. determine the resultant of two or more vectors;

iv. determine relative velocity;

v. resolve vectors into two
perpendicular components;

vi. use graphical methods to
solve vector problems.
3. Motion

(a) Types of motion: translational, oscillatory, rotational, spin
and random

(b) Relative motion

(c) Causes of motion

(d) Types of force
(i) contact
(ii) force field

(e) linear motion
(i) speed, velocity and acceleration;
(ii) equations of uniformly accelerated motion;
(iii) motion under gravity;
(iv) distance-time graph and velocity time graph;
(v) instantaneous velocity and acceleration.

(f) Projectiles:
(i) calculation of range, maximum height
and time of flight from the ground and
a height;
(ii) applications of projectile motion.

(g) Newton’s laws of motion:
(i) inertia, mass and force;
(ii) relationship between mass and acceleration;
(iii) impulse and momentum;
(iv) force – time graph;
(v) conservation of linear momentum (Coefficient of restitution not necessary).

(h) Motion in a circle:
(i) angular velocity and
angular acceleration;
(ii) centripetal and centrifugal forces;
(iii) applications.
(i) Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M):
(i) definition and explanation of simple harmonic motion;
(ii) examples of systems that execute S.H.M;
(iii) period, frequency and amplitude of S.H.M;
(iv) velocity and acceleration of S.H.M;
(iii) simple treatment of energy change
in S.H.M;
(iv) force vibration and resonance
(simple treatment).
Candidates should be able to;

i. identify different types of motion;

ii. solve numerical problem on collinear motion;

iii. identify force as cause of motion;

iv. identify push and pull as forms of force;

v. identify electric and magnetic attractions, gravitational pull as forms of field forces;

vi. differentiate between speed, velocity and acceleration;

vii. deduce equations of uniformly accelerated motion;

viii. solve problems of motion under gravity;

ix. interpret distance-time graph and velocity-time graph;

x. compute instantaneous velocity and acceleration;

xi. establish expressions for the range,
maximum height and time of flight of projectiles, rockets, missiles

xii. solve problems involving projectile

xiii.solve numerical problems
involving impulse and momentum;

xiv. interpretation of area

xvi. compare inertia, mass and force;

xvii. deduce the relationship between
mass and acceleration;

xviii. interpret the law of conservation
o f l i n e a r m o m e n t u m a n d application;

xix. establish expression for angular
velocity, angular acceleration and centripetal force;

xx. s o l v e n u m e r i c a l p r o b l e m s
involving motion in a circle;

xxi. establish the relationship between period and frequency;

xxii. analyse the energy changes
occurring during S.H.M;

xxiii. identify different types of forced

xxiv. enumerate applications of resonance.
4. Gravitational field

(i) Newton’s law of universal gravitation;
(ii) gravitational potential;
(iii) conservative and nonconservative fields;
(iv) acceleration due to gravity;
(v) variation of g on the earth’s surface;
(vi) distinction between mass and weight escape velocity;
(vii) parking orbit and weightlessness
Candidates should be able to:

i. identify the expression for gravitational force between two bodies;

ii. apply Newton’s law of universal gravitation;

iii. give examples of conservative and
non- conservative fields;

iv. deduce the expression for gravitational field potentials;

v. identify the causes of variation on the earth’s surface;

vi. differentiate between mass and weight;

vii. determine escape velocity.

Download JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Physics

Click the button below to download the full 2024 Physics syllabus on your smartphone or laptop.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, JAMB has released the 2024 syllabus which can be download on this page or on the JAMB portal.

This depends on your course of study. Mathematics is compulsory for most science subjects like Engineering.

4 subjects. English language is compulsory for all candidates.

No, the JAMB syllabus is not always the same every year. The syllabus is subject to modification at any year.

Yes, JAMB follows its syllabus. However, you can read broad and prepare thoroughly for the forthcoming exams.

Aspiring students should embrace the Physics syllabus as a valuable tool for success in the forthcoming UTME, aligning their efforts with the examination requirements.

By understanding and mastering the content outlined in this syllabus, candidates can approach the JAMB examination with confidence and excel in their academic pursuits.

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