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JAMB 2024/2025 Syllabus for Biology is Out | Download PDF

JAMB releases 2024 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus for Biology. This syllabus is essential for candidates seeking admission into higher institution this year.

Examination TypeUTME / Direct Entry
Examination Year2024/2025
SyllabusBiology
File FormatPDF
File Size283KB

Are you in search of the official and up to date Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) syllabus for this year? We have uploaded the syllabus on this page for free download.

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Biology is one of the subjects written in JAMB UTME. For candidates seeking admission into any Biology related course, a solid understanding of the Syllabus is crucial.

Recommended:Check JAMB 2024 Syllabus For All Subjects

JAMB advises that candidates should download and review the syllabus to know the area of concentration and also recommended texts in preparation for the forthcoming UTME examination.

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General Objectives

  1. demonstrate sufficient knowledge of the concepts of the diversity, interdependence and unity of life;
  2. account for continuity of life through reorganization, inheritance and evolution;
  3. apply biological principles and concepts to everyday life, especially to matters affecting living things, individual, society, the environment, community health and the economy.

JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Biology

TOPICS / CONTENTS/ NOTESOBJECTIVES
SECTION A: VARIETY OF ORGANISMS

1. Living organisms:

a. Characteristics

b. Cell structure and functions of cell components

c. Level of organization
i. Cell e.g. euglena and paramecium,
ii. Tissue e.g. epithelial tissues and hydra
iii. Organ e.g. onion bulb
iv. Systems e.g. reproductive, digestive and excretory
v. Organisms e.g. Chlamydomonas
Candidates should be able to:

i. differentiate between the characteristics of living and non-living things.

ii. identify the structures of plant and animal cells.

iii. analyse the functions of the components of plant and animal
cells.

iv. compare and contrast the structure of plant and animal cells.

v. trace the levels of organization among organisms in their logical sequence in relation to the five levels of organization
of living organisms.
2. Evolution among the following:

a. Monera (prokaryotes), e.g. bacteria and
blue green algae.

b. Protista (protozoans and protophyta),
e.g. Amoeba, Euglena and Paramecium.

c. Fungi, e.g. mushroom and Rhizopus.

d. Plantae (plants)

i. Thallophyta (e.g. Spirogyra).

ii. Bryophyta (mosses and liverworts) e.g.
Brachmenium and Merchantia.

iii. Pteridophyta (ferns) e.g. Dryopteris.

iv. Spermatophyta (Gymnospermae and
Angiospermae)
– Gymnosperms e.g. Cycads and conifers. – Angiosperms (monocots, e.g. maize; dicots, e.g. water leaf)

e. Animalia (animals)

i. Invertebrates
– coelenterate e.g. Hydra
– Platyhelminthes flatworms e.g. Taenia
– Nematoda (roundworms)
– Annelida e.g. earthworm
– Arthropoda e.g. mosquito, cockroach,
housefly, bee, butterfly
– Mollusca e.g. snails

ii. Multicellular animals (vertebrates)
– Pisces (cartilaginous and bony fish)
– Amphibia e.g. toads and frogs
– Reptilia e.g. lizards, snakes and turtles
Aves (birds)
– Mammalia (mammals)
Candidates should be able to:

i. analyse external features and characteristics of the listed organisms.

ii. apply the knowledge from (i) above to demonstrate increase in structural complexity.

iii. trace the stages in the life histories of the listed organisms.

iv. apply the knowledge of the life histories to demonstrate gradual transition from life in water to life on land.

v. trace the evolution of the listed plants.

Candidates should be able to:

i. trace the advancement of the invertebrate animals.

ii. determine the economic importance of the insects studied.

iii. assess their values to the environment.

iv. trace the advancement of multi-cellular animals.

v. determine their economic importance.
3. Structural/functional and behavioural
adaptations of organisms:


a. adaptive colouration and its functions

b. Behavioural adaptations in social animals

c. Structural adaptations in organisms
Candidates should be able to:

i. describe how the various structures, functions and behaviour adapt these organisms to their environment, and way of life.

ii. Categorize countershading in fish, toads, snakes and warning colouration in mushrooms.

iii. Differentiate various castes in social insects like termites and their functions in their colony hive.

iv. Account for basking in lizards, territorial behavour of other animals under unfavourable conditions (hibernation and
aestivation).

i. account for adaptation in organisms with respect to the following:

– Obtaining food (beaks and legs of birds, mouthparts of insects, especially mosquito, butterfly and moth.)

– Protection and defence (stick insects, praying mantis and toad).

– Securing mates (redhead male and female Agama lizards, display of feathers by birds).

– Regulating body temperature (skin, feathers and hairs)

-Conserving water (spines in plants and scales in mammals).
SECTION B: FORM AND FUNCTIONS

1. Internal structure of plants and animals

a. Internal structure of a flowering plant
i. Root
ii. Stem
iii. Leaf
b. Internal structure of a mammal
Candidates should be able to:

i. identify the transverse sections of these
organs.

ii. relate the structure of these organs to their functions.

iii. identify supporting tissues in plants (collenchyma) sclerenchyma, xylem and phloem fibres)

iv. describe the distribution of supporting tissues in roots, stem and leaf

v. examine the arrangement of the mammalian internal organs.

vi. describe the appearance and position of the digestive, reproductive and excretory organs.
Nutrition

a. Modes of nutrition
i. Autotrophic
ii. Heterotrophic

b. Types of Nutrition

c. Plant nutrition
i. Photosynthesis
ii. Chemosynthesis
iii. Mineral requirements
(macro and micro-nutrients)

d. Animal nutrition
i. Classes of food substances; carbohydrates, proteins,
fats and oils, vitamins, mineral salts and water
ii. Food tests (e.g. starch, reducing sugar, protein, oil, fat etc.)
iii. The mammalian tooth (structures, types and functions)
iv. Mammalian alimentary canal
v. Nutrition process (ingestion, digestion, absorption,
and assimilation of digested food).
Candidates should be able to:

i. identify the transverse sections of these
organs.

ii. relate the structure of these organs to their functions.

iii. identify supporting tissues in plants (collenchyma) sclerenchyma, xylem and phloem fibres)

iv. describe the distribution of supporting tissues in roots, stem and leaf

v. examine the arrangement of the mammalian internal organs.

vi. describe the appearance and position of the digestive, reproductive and excretory organs.

Download JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Biology

Click the button below to download the full 2024 Biology syllabus on your smartphone or laptop.

FAQs

Yes, JAMB has released the 2024 syllabus which can be download on this page or on the JAMB portal.

This depends on your course of study. Mathematics is compulsory for most science subjects like Engineering.

4 subjects. English language is compulsory for all candidates.

No, the JAMB syllabus is not always the same every year. The syllabus is subject to modification at any year.

Yes, JAMB follows its syllabus. However, you can read broad and prepare thoroughly for the forthcoming exams.

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